The importance of pruning
In order to ensure good grape production, the vineyard must be pruned every year. Pruning grapes is one of the most delicate operations of this crop. The vine is a climber that has deciduous leaves, and in one season it develops a lot of vegetation. In addition to having to give "direction" to growth, it must be controlled in some way, otherwise there is a risk of becoming wild.
Pruning ensures the grapes, in spring, a luxuriant and stronger rebirth. It must also be carried out taking into account the conformation of the terrain. The pinot grapes from which champagne is obtained, they must be kept low, so as to grow as close as possible to the earth. It differs in quality sangiovese, where the plant also reaches two meters in height. Wrong pruning of the grapes means invalidating the harvest.
There are several styles or methods for pruning grapes. The guyot, simple and double, is used where the soil is not particularly fertile but dry enough. This grape pruning technique is used for vines that do not exceed one meter in height. Only one fruiting branch is left on the bearing stem, which will be directed to grow along the row. At the base of the trunk there will remain a spur which will serve, in the following years, for the aging of the plant.
The variant double guyot instead, it plans to leave two fruiting branches with a dozen buds, which will grow opposite each other along the row. Pergola pruning takes the name of the plant that will support the plant itself. The stem is left to grow vertically until it reaches the upper part of the pergola; two or more lateral branches will be directed along the horizontal rows. This pruning will ensure that the vegetation of the vine is abundant. The cord style on the other hand, it is similar to guyot, but provides a vine height of about two meters.