Zen philosophy originates with Buddhism and influenced by Taoism, this does not set itself the goal of being able to achieve something but only to recognize what has always existed. Zen invites to look at things for what they are actually in their natural and simple consistency, Zen gives particular importance to meditation to calm the mind and body. The Zen garden is a place that is specifically designed to recreate an adequate space where the mind can brighten and where each element takes on a particular meaning. By approaching this culture it is possible to discover how the garden can be transformed into an integral part of this philosophy.
The Zen garden belongs to Japanese culture, and not only represents a place adjacent to the home that beautifies the green space with plants and flowers, but is a very important place in their tradition, because it also gives specific importance to those who are the elements that compose it. Karesansui is the most common garden where three very important elements merge: water, stones and plants. For example, water is identified with rivers of gravel. Each element has a particular meaning, because in the Zen garden, the arrangement of the same elements also has a specific meaning. The concept of Zen garden merges with Buddhism thus becoming a religious place. When we talk about a Zen garden, it often also identifies with the name of 'dry garden', gardens that belong not only to the private space but also to the public one. The term Zen appeared in 1935 in Kuck's book. In the sixth century, the Zen garden began to develop together with Zen Buddhism. Zen priests have given the garden an important role, that of helping to understand this philosophy. The principles are very distant and still continue to be handed down as in the past.