must the aubergine plants close to ripening the fruit be pruned? and the leaves at the base of the plant must be cut?
often the aubergines are grown like tomatoes, i.e. with the passing of the weeks, the lateral shoots are removed, i.e. the shoots that sprout under the leaves, and when the plant already has 4-5 fruits, you top it, so that remains no more than thirty centimeters high. This prevents the plant from trying to develop much vegetation, to the detriment of the size of the fruit. So, the topping is very useful for the aubergines, but only if it is done when the plants already have the fruits; in fact many people who cultivate aubergines in the garden do not trim them, this is because they have planted a variety that tends not to grow very much in height, and therefore does not need to be trimmed. The same is true for tomatoes, and in fact very often there are small tomato plants on the market, which once grown are not topped. In addition to the topping, I remind you that the aubergines are plants native to semi-tropical areas, and therefore, to have large fruits with few seeds, it will be necessary to water them regularly and abundantly, avoiding leaving them exposed for days to summer drought. As for the leaves placed in the lower part, they must be cut only if they show a beginning of drying, or if they are ruined.